Transylvanian Review http://transylvanianreviewjournal.com/index.php/TR <p>The journal publishes original papers in all areas of science, engineering and technology (Sport Sciences, Accounting, Medicine and Physics, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, law scope, Agricultural Sciences, Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Arts and Humanities, Psychological and Educational Sciences, Statistics, Management, Economics and Financial Economics).</p> <p>Online ISSN: 1221-1249</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US Transylvanian Review 1221-1249 Unveiling ChatGPT as a Dialogical Tool for Digital Scaffolding in Teaching Reading http://transylvanianreviewjournal.com/index.php/TR/article/view/1045 <p>Emergence of ChatGPT has opened up great potential for its usefulness in language teaching. Research has already indicated that ChatGPT can boost students’ motivation for reading, and can help by generating reading materials. However, as yet no clear ChatGPT-scaffolded reading pedagogy is in sight. The aim of the present study is to present a preliminary concept on ChatGPT as a dialogical tool for digital scaffolding in teaching reading. Drawing on Vygotsky’s social constructivism and digital scaffolding, a qualitative self-study based exploration was designed. The authors’ personal insights, experience of ChatGPT use, screenshots of ChatGPT performed textual activities were used as data to present a six-step pedagogy. The pedagogy covers three subskills of reading: scanning, skimming, and extensive reading. In the proposed pedagogy ChatGPT plays the roles of a co-reader, a material generator, a feedback provider, and an exercise formulator.Thus, the paper contributes by suggesting a ChatGPT-scaffolded approach to teaching reading which holds great promise in enhancing the overall teaching and learning process of reading skill development.</p> Adelina Asmawi Saiful Alam Copyright (c) 2024 Transylvanian Review http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 32 1 The Financial Gap in MSME Sector: A Review of Literature for the Period of 2014 to 2022 http://transylvanianreviewjournal.com/index.php/TR/article/view/999 <p>The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector plays a crucial role in the economic development of Jaipur. Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) operating in urban areas face a significant challenge in the form of financial disparity. The term "gap" refers to the disparity between the financial requirements of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and their capacity to secure adequate financing options. In addition, the absence of a comprehensive credit information system poses challenges for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in their pursuit of securing funding. The absence of comprehensive credit information presents a challenge for financial institutions when evaluating the creditworthiness of small businesses. This phenomenon engenders reluctance on the part of lenders to extend loans, thereby exacerbating the pre-existing financial inequality. The main aim of the study is to examine the Financial Gap in the MSME Sector in Jaipur concerning an Analysis of the Factors Contributing to the Gap and Potential Solutions. The study also focuses on the key factors contributing to the financial gap in the MSME sector in Jaipur. Lastly, the study examined the limited availability of collateral that impacted the access to finance for MSMEs in Jaipur.</p> Praveen Sharma Rashmi Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Transylvanian Review http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 32 1 An Efficient System for Dyslexic Students Learning in A Virtual Environment http://transylvanianreviewjournal.com/index.php/TR/article/view/1041 <p><strong>Background: </strong>The International Dyslexia Association studies show that there are more students with dyslexia and that the demand for better learning methods and technologies is growing. There are not enough technologies to help students with dyslexia learn, and this problem affects not only students with dyslexia but also their parents and teachers. Dyslexia affects how people process and remember information, so it can be harder to learn basics like the alphabet.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>In this original research article, we aim to propose an autonomous and efficient application adapted for 30 dyslexic students in Saudi Arabia.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> We devised a way to help people learn more effectively using Virtual Learning Environments (VLE), by mixing education and entertainment using Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications in the metaverse. AI has a fundamental role in the development and maneuvering of the metaverse, which is an immersive virtual environment that allows users to interact with each other and digital objects in real-time.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>We successfully implement distinctive VLE that is tailored to their individual needs and interests.&nbsp; This system receives the satisfaction and adaptation of students with dyslexia because it lets them interact with a virtual world that feels truly personalized to them. In this VLE we focused on the font style, font size, color, and input methods (dropdown, Text area, button) that are comfortable for them. This VLE was built with the open-source Sloodle project, which combines OpenSim and Moodle.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Based on the results of obtained from this study, the authors reported several recommendations to propose an autonomous and efficient application adapted for 30 dyslexic students in Saudi Arabia. Compared with other related works we reached not only excellent interaction, adaptation, and immersive integration but also created a more seamless and engaging experience that increases the level of learning and reading for these special students.</p> Abir Osman Elfakki Souhir Sghaier Abdullah Alhumaidi Alotaibi Copyright (c) 2024 Transylvanian Review http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 32 1 The sex life of married women: satisfaction and difficulties http://transylvanianreviewjournal.com/index.php/TR/article/view/1042 <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Satisfaction with healthy conjugal sex depends on various factors such as the sexual education of both partners, marriage's nature and also the quality of sexual intercourse. The&nbsp;&nbsp; given study aims to determine links ‘s contribution in sexual conjugal satisfaction among sexually active married women.</p> <p><strong>Methods:&nbsp; </strong>This analytical descriptive study was carried on 100 married women at consultation of gynecology in maternity center in Tunisia. Questionnaires for data collection included Questionnaire on marital sexual behavior. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Statistically a significant level was set at 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings showed that in marital sexual satisfaction scale, almost half of the participants (42%) were satisfied and 36% of them were very satisfied. Marital sexual satisfaction was significantly associated with length of sexual intercourse (p ≤ 0.043). However, there is no significant association between sexual satisfaction and frequency of sexual intercourse (P = 0.801). The findings indicated that there was a significant association between orgasm’s difficulties and husband’s age (p = 0.032). wedding resulting from a love affair was associated significantly with marital sexual satisfaction (p = 0.041).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>A satisfying sex life can improve and consolidate harmony within couples. But this sexual satisfaction is conditioned by a multitude of factors such as the sexual education of both partners, marriage's nature and also the quality of sexual intercourse. Improving the sexual satisfaction of couples necessarily involves adequate awareness of sexual quality.</p> Radhouane ACHOUR Hajer Chourou Khaoula Samaali Hiba Mkadmi Soulayma BEJAOUI Wejdena SAHBENI Rim BEN HMID Myriam Cheour Copyright (c) 2024 Transylvanian Review http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 32 1 fnf-Learning Mathematics http://transylvanianreviewjournal.com/index.php/TR/article/view/1044 <p>Aim: The goal of this work is to develop a new strategy of blended-learning for mathematics courses<br>that can be generalized to other fields. We intend to provide a strategy for blended-learning that can<br>be applicable for all study and learning levels.<br>Methods and materials: The study assumes the use of the online-learning in the mathematics<br>education system shedding the light on its advantages and disadvantages, and analyzing its<br>applicability either partially or totally. From mathematical perspectives, theories are developed to<br>test the courses tendency to online transformation. This leads to a new trend of learning called fnf-<br>learning, it merges online-learning mode with the traditional classroom lecturing. The new trend<br>depends on the learning approaches and study levels and it is applicable for all mathematics courses.<br>The new trend of learning is defined as: any mathematics course can be started with face-to-face<br>lecturing (traditional), then it can be transformed to the online lecturing then after returning back to<br>the traditional lecturing.<br>Results: Theorems are formulated to study the applicability of the online transformation either<br>partially or completely, as a result, any mathematics course can be completely given online provided<br>that the study level of the student approaches the highest or the learning approaches is the lowest.<br>For this purpose, a mathematical formula is suggested to measure the size of the time devoted to<br>the online lecturing of each mathematics course.<br>Conclusion: Any mathematics course admits at least online partial transformation and there are<br>some courses that can be completely given online.</p> Hasan Almanasreh Inad Nawajah Copyright (c) 2024 Transylvanian Review http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-22 2024-02-22 32 1