Economic and environmental implications of updated energy policy in Czech Republic

  • Vojtěch Stehel
  • Anna Maroušková
  • Ladislav Kolář


The Czech Republic is, in contrast to its small size, one of the biggest exporters of energy in the world due to its rich deposits of brown coal. However, in response to changes in public opinion, an updated energy policy is due to come into force. The main goal of this policy is to instigate a reduction in the consumption of brown coal. The anticipated change this will bring in the production of air pollutants was therefore calculated on the basis of a complex material flow analysis of the local energy sector. The results of the analysis confirmed that there will be a reduction in the production of the majority of air pollutants. However, they also highlight concerns with regards to the emissions of acidifying substances because the Czech Republic is running out of limestone, which is required for desulphurisation. The conclusion is drawn that it would be advisable to update the energy policy once again with a view to promoting, for example, the comprehensive processing of biowaste, including energy recovery. This would make it possible to continue burning brown coal before the limestone reserves are depleted.