Assessment Instrument Validation of the Sbar Technique as a Clinical Communicative Skill in Nursing Professionals in Training

  • Palma Guerra Claudia Andrea Centro de Simulación clínica, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomas, Chile.
  • Vega Retamal Cynthia Fabiola Centro de Simulación clínica, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomas, Chile.
  • Jaramillo Larson María Dolores Hospital Dr. Mauricio Heyermann, Ángol, Chile.
  • Bustamante Andrade María Fabiola Centro de Simulación clínica, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomas, Chile.
Keywords: Clinical Simulation, SBAR, Nursing student, Instrument validation

Abstract

Aim: Clinical simulation (CS) is key to achieving graduation profile of students, this has prompted teaching to generate standardized instruments to assess the achievement of trained skills and competencies, since CS facilitates their transfer. The development of communication skills is fundamental in health professionals and one of the recommended techniques to organize this process is SBAR (Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation). However, no validated instruments are known to assess the achievement of communication competencies. Materials and methods: The methodology considered four stages. Literature review, the basic criteria of the instrument were established according to 65% agreement of the reviewed authors. Judgment by internal experts, who review the initial instrument and make observations. Judgment by external experts, who review the completed items and make suggestions. And pilot, where the instrument is tested on thirty-seven students. Results: Ten criteria were eliminated in the first and second stages. After the validation of external experts, the wording of some criteria was modified according to observations of content, clarity and relevance, obtaining the instrument for piloting. The statistical analysis of the pilot was done in Excel, the answers of the 37 students in the 35 total criteria of the instrument, obtaining that the instrument has a high internal consistency, obtaining a Cronbach's alpha of 0.83. Conclusion: A validated instrument will standardize the evaluation of the delivery of information with SBAR in nursing students, allowing conclusions to be drawn and facilitating decision-making in relation to the training requirement of these poorly studied communication skills in CS.

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Published
2022-07-15