Separation at Source Waste Recycling Programme in the City of Johannesburg, South Africa

  • Krishna K. Govender Head: Doctoral Programmes Graduate School of Business & Leadership College of Law and Management Studies University of KwaZulu-Natal
Keywords: environment, waste, recycling, separation at source


AimSouth African municipalities face a challenge in managing solid waste and recycling is important in alleviating the current strain on waste management services. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges faced regarding the separation at source (S@S) programme by a major municipality in South Africa.Materials and MethodsA qualitative study was conducted among a purposeful sample of 15 employees of a Separation at Source (S@S) recycling project in the City of Johannesburg (CoJ), South Africa.  Findings Four major themes and several sub-themes emerged for an analysis of the data, namely, recycling regulations, recycling participation rates, recycling behaviours and recycling challenges. Recycling behaviour emerged as the most important theme in this study and attitudes to recycling was the most important sub-theme.ConclusionThese findings will benefit the CoJ since it provides insights into the challenges faced when implementing waste management programmes. It is recommended that the CoJ provide structure and support to employees responsible for the implementation of recycling programmes to ensure optimal outcomes. It should also increase efforts at creating greater awareness of the importance of recycling and invest in educational campaigns targeted at teaching residents the importance of recycling and how to recycle effectively. Moreover, the CoJ should create strategies to ensure that recycling is convenient for residents and the effort and time taken to recycle must be minimized. Most importantly, the CoJ should increase recycling rates by encouraging organizations and institutions to implement S@S in the workplace.


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Environmental Sciences